Is bhang Goli harmful?
Here are some side effects of bhang your should be wary of:
1. Red eyes
After consuming a cannabis-based product, including bhang, a person’s heart rate and blood pressure increases. This is basically due to the plant’s cannabinoids which are chemical compounds. The rise in blood pressure and heart rate is like the increase caused by exercise.
After some time, as the blood pressure lowers, and the blood vessels and capillaries dilate (including the ocular veins). This dilation causes increased blood flow to the eyes, which results in the person’s eyes turning red.
Consumption of excess bhang affects the lungs similarly to tobacco smoke, causing symptoms such as increased cough, sputum, and hyperinflation. It can also cause serious lung diseases, especially if consumed for a long duration of time.
3. Dryness of mouth
Bhang reduces the amount of saliva produced in the mouth due to its effects on the nervous system. This effect can result in an uncomfortable condition called dry mouth or xerostomia with frequent use. When consumed in large quantities, it can also cause bad breath and mouth sores.
Consumption of bhang by people with cardiovascular disease poses higher health risks. This is because bhang can increase cardiac work, catecholamine levels, carboxyhemoglobin, and postural hypotension.
Bhang withdrawals are not life-threatening and can sometimes make a person irritable. This condition lasts only for a few hours and should not be a matter of concern. Some people compare it to the feeling you get when you try to quit caffeine.
6. Cognitive decline (poor memory and concentration)
Bhang can sometimes cause learning and memory difficulties such as slowed processing speed and challenges in focusing. These symptoms can often linger for weeks. Other harmful effects of excessive consumption of bhang include insomnia, paranoia and anxiety, loss of control/impulsive behaviour, lack of psychomotor coordination, and psychosis.